Nepal Earthquake Aftermath : Probal rashid
On April 25, 2015, Nepal suffered a magnitude 7.8 earthquake, killed more than 9,000 people and injured nearly 23,000. Its epicenter was east of Gorkha District at Barpak, Gorkha, and its hypocenter was at a depth of approximately 8.2 km (5.1 mi). A major aftershock occurred on 12 May 2015 with a moment magnitude (Mw) of 7.3 and more than 200 people were killed and over 2,500 were injured by this aftershock. It was the worst natural disaster to strike Nepal since the 1934 Nepal–Bihar earthquake. The ground motion recorded in Kathmandu valley was of low frequency, which along with its occurrence at an hour where many people in rural areas were working outdoors, decreased the loss of property and human life Hundreds of thousands of people were made homeless with entire villages flattened, across many districts of the country. Centuries-old buildings were destroyed at UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the Kathmandu Valley, including some at the Kathmandu Durbar Square, the Patan Durbar Square, the Bhaktapur Durbar Square, the Changu Narayan Temple, the Boudhanath stupa and the Swayambhunath Stupa. Geophysicists and other experts had warned for decades that Nepal was vulnerable to a deadly earthquake,
particularly because of its geology, urbanization, and architecture.
2015년 4월 25일 네팔은 9000명 이상의 사상자와 거의 23000명 정도의 부상자를 초래한 어마어마한 7.8도 지진로 인해 고통받았다. 진원지는 발팍의 구르카 지역의 동쪽이었으며 폭심지는 대략 8.2키로미터(5.1 마일)의 깊이였다. 주된 여진은 7.3의 모멘트 규모와 함께 2015년 5월 12일에 발생했으며 200명 이상의 사상자와 2500명 이상의 부상자가 나왔다. 이것은 1834년 네팔-비하르 지진 이후 최악의 자연 재해이다. 칸트만두 언덕에서 기록된 지동은 낮은 진동수였으며 시골 사람들이 외부에서 일하는 시간에 이 발생은 자산과 인간의 삶을 황폐화시켰다.
해당 국가의 많은 지역의 온 동네가 납작해 지면서 수천명의 사람들은 집을 잃었다. 수백년된 오래된 건물들은 카트만두 언덕에서 카트만두 궁정 시청, 패탄 궁정 시청, 바크타푸르 궁정 시청, 창구 나라얀 사원, 보드나트 사리판과 스와얌부나트 사리판을 포함한 유네스코 세계 문화 유산 유적지에서 파괴되었다. 지구 물리학자와 다른 전문가들은 수십년간 네팔은 특히나 국가의 지리적 특성과 도시화 건축물로 인해 무시무시한 지진에 취약하다고 경고했다.
วันที่ 25, 2015 ประเทศเนปาลประสบแผ่นดินไหวขนาด 7.8 เหนือแผ่นดินทางตะวันออกของหมู่บ้าน Barpark ในเมือง Gorkha ซึ่งพรากชีวิตประชาชนมากกว่า 9,000 คนในขณะที่ประชาชนอีก 23,000 คนได้รับบาดเจ็บ จุดศูนย์กลางแผ่นดินไหวลึกลงไปประมาณ 8.2 กิโลเมตร เกิดเป็นแผ่นดินไหวตามอย่างต่อเนื่อง (Aftershock) โดยครั้งสำคัญเกิดขึ้นในวันที่ 12 ของเดือนพฤษภาคม 2015 ขนาดแมกนิจุด 7.3 ส่งผลให้มีผู้เสียชีวิตมากกว่า 200 รายและผู้ได้รับบาดเจ็บอีกกว่า 2,500 ราย นับเป็นภัยภิบัติทางธรรมชาติครั้งยิ่งใหญ่ที่สุดสำหรับเนปาลหลังจากเหตุการณ์แผ่นดินไหว เนปาล-Bihar เมื่อปี 1934 นอกจากนี้ยังมีการตรวจพบแรงสั่นสะเทือนความถี่ต่ำในเมือง Kathmandu ในชั่วโมงที่ประชาชนส่วนมากทำงานในพื้นที่กลางแจ้ง จึงช่วยลดอัตราการสูญเสียชีวิตและทรัพย์สินให้เบาลง แผ่นดินในหมู่บ้านและเมืองต่างๆราบเป็นหน้ากลอง ประชาชนกว่าแสนคนกลายเป็นคนไร้บ้าน อาคารมรดกโลกอายุหลายศตวรรษพังทลายลง เช่นเดียวกับบางจุดอย่างบริเวณจัตุรัส Kathmandu จตุรัส Patan จัตุรัส Bhaktapur รวมถึงวัดที่เป็นที่ประดิษฐานของสถูป Boudhanath และสถูป Swayambhunath นักธรณีวิทยาและผู้เชี่ยวชาญได้ออกมาเตือนเป็นเวลากว่าทศวรรษแล้วว่าประเทศเน ปาลมีความเสี่ยงสูงต่อการเกิดแผ่นดินไหวในระดับที่ร้ายแรงเพราะปัจจัยในด้านธรณีวิทยา ปัจจัยด้านการพัฒนาเป็นเมืองมากกว่าชนบท และปัจจัยด้านสถาปัตยกรรม
Probal Rashid is a documentary photographer and photojournalist working in Bangladesh, represented by Zuma Press, USA. He has studied a Post Graduate Diploma in Photojournalism through a scholarship program of World Press Photo at the Konrad Adenauer Asian Center for Journalism (ACFJ) at Ateneo De Manila University in the Philippines. He also holds an MBA.
His works have been published in many national and international newspapers and magazines such as the Los Angeles Times, Huffington Post, Newsweek, Wired, Forbes, GEO, National Geographic, Days Japan, Paris Match, Wall Street Journal, Stern, Telegraph, Focus magazine and the Guardian. Moreover, his photographs have been exhibited in Bangladesh, Germany, Japan, Thailand, Malaysia, UK, USA and some of his works selected by the Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts for their permanent collection.
Probal is the recipient of numerous awards for his work including the Pictures Of the Year International (POYi), Days Japan Photojournalism Award, China International Press Photo Award (CHIPP), NPPA’s Best of Photojournalism Awards, Yonhap International Press Photo Awards, KL International Photo award, FCCT/OnAsia Photojournalism, “Zoom-in on Poverty” Global Photo Award, CGAP microfinance photo award, WPGA Annual Pollux Awards in U.K, International Year of Biodiversity Award and the Atlanta Photojournalism Seminar Contest.
Probal Rashid는 방글라데시에서 활동하고 있는 다큐멘터리 사진 작가 겸 포토 저널리스트로 미국 주마 프레스 (Zuma Press) 소속이다. 그는 필리핀 Ateneo De Manila 대학의 Konrad Adenauer 아시아 저널리즘 센터 (ACFJ)에서 세계 언론 사진 장학금 프로그램을 통해 포토 저널리즘으로 준석사 학위를 취득하였다. 그는 또한 MBA 학위를 보유하고 있다.
그의 작품은 로스 앤젤레스 타임즈, Huffington Post, Newsweek, Wired, Forbes, GEO, National Geographic, Days Japan, Paris Match, Wall Street Journal, Stern, Telegraph, Focus magazine, 가디언지와 같은 많은 국내외 신문과 잡지에 게재되었다. 또한 그의 사진은 방글라데시, 독일, 일본, 태국, 말레이시아, 영국, 미국에서 전시되었으며 Kiyosato Museum of Photographic Arts에 영구 소장 되었다.
Probal은 올해의 사진 (POYi), 데이즈 재팬 포토 저널리즘 상, 중국 국제 언론 사진 상 (CHIPP), NPPA 베스트 오브 포토 저널리즘 상, 연합 국제 언론인 사진 상, KL 인터내셔널 사진 상, FCCT / OnAsia 포토 저널리즘, “Zoom-in on Poverty” 글로벌 사진 상, CGAP 소액금융 사진 상, 영국 WPGA Annual Pollux 상, 국제 생물 다양성의 해, 애틀란타 포토 저널리즘 세미나 공모 등 다수의 상을 수상하였다.