The Korean of Kazakhstan : 1st – 30th Nov. 2016

Michael Vince Kim

Sung-ok Tigay, 92, was deported from Vladivostok at the age of 13 and lost her parents soon after. She recalls that while living in earth dugouts that Kazakhs helped them dig, up to five people per dugout could die overnight due to the cold weather, illness, or starvation. Like many others, she was later hosted by a Kazakh family, developing a close relationship that is still appreciated today. Nowadays, Sung-ok sings herself old Korean folk songs to sleep. Many of these songs were sung in the desertic Kazakh steppe while growing rice, where she worked until her hands got fractured. She remembers over a hundred songs by hard, many of which have not been written down and are not presently known in modern Korea.

Sung-ok Tigay, 92, was deported from Vladivostok at the age of 13 and lost her parents soon after. She recalls that while living in earth dugouts that Kazakhs helped them dig, up to five people per dugout could die overnight due to the cold weather, illness, or starvation. Like many others, she was later hosted by a Kazakh family, developing a close relationship that is still appreciated today. Nowadays, Sung-ok sings herself old Korean folk songs to sleep. Many of these songs were sung in the desertic Kazakh steppe while growing rice, where she worked until her hands got fractured. She remembers over a hundred songs by hard, many of which have not been written down and are not presently known in modern Korea.

1937년, 기근과 가난 그리고 일본의 식민지 지배를 피하기 위해 러시아의 동부에 자리잡은 180,000명의 한국인들은 당시 스탈린의 인종 청소 정책을 명목으로 강제적으로 중앙 아시아로 추방당했다. 사람들은 가축을 옮기는 기차를 꽉 채운 채로 1달을 달렸고, 카자흐스탄의 혹독한 겨울 날씨로 인해 여정 중에 약 4만 명의 한국인이 죽었다. 하지만 그들에게는 다른 생존 방법은 없었으며 약속 받았던 보상조차 받지 못했다. 굶주림과 병이 만연했고, 한국인들은 카자흐 스텝 지대의 불모지에서 쌀을 농사하도록 강요 받으며 대피호에서 살아갔다. 비록 한국인들이 농장에서의 결실을 맺은 노력과 전쟁 참여 등을 이유로 명예 훈장을 받기도 했지만 그들은 당시 우리 언어와는 많이 다른 소련계 한국어 방언조차도 유지하는 것을 금지 당했다. 더불어 문화 동화와 민족 간의 결혼 등으로 인해 그 방언은 거의 멸종에 이르렀다. 그럼에도 불구하고 카자흐스탄의 한국인들은 한국인으로서의 정체성뿐 아니라 아직까지도 한반도에서 행해지는 전통과 관습들을 유지하려 노력했다.

Michael Vince Kim is a Korean-American-Argentinean photographer whose work focuses on migration, language, and identity. He was raised in Argentina, where he studied Film Directing, and holds an MA Honours degree in Linguistics from The University of Edinburgh. He is the recipient of the Magnum ‘30 Under 30’ Award and the Viewfind Visual Storytelling Grant, and his ongoing project ‘The Koreans of Kazakhstan’ is represented by The Story Institute.

Michael Vince Kim은 이주와 언어, 정체성에 대한 작품을 탐구하는 한국계 미국인이며 아르헨티나에서 자랐다. 그는 아르헨티나에서 영화 연출을 전공하였고, 에딘버러 대학교에서 문학 석사 학위를 수여했다. 그는 매그넘의 ’30 Under 30’와 Viewfind Visual Storytelling Grant의 수상자이며 사진 에이젼시 Institute 의 소속으로 활동하고 있다.

 

Education

2016    London College of Communication, UK, MA Photojournalism and Documentary Photography

2015    University of Edinburgh, UK, MA (Hons) Linguistics

Awards and Grants

2016    Magnum Photography Awards, Student Spotlight, winner

2016    CDS Documentary Essay Prize, Duke University, finalist

2016    Moscow International Foto Award, Editorial Photo Essay, winner

2016    Magnum Photos, Faces of a Vibrant Economy, winner

2016    Viewfind Visual Storytelling Grant, winner

2016    Joop Swart Masterclass, World Press Photo, nominated

2015    Magnum Photos, ‘30 Under 30’, winner

2015    Joop Swart Masterclass, World Press Photo, nominated

2015    Athens Photo Festival, shortlisted

2015    The Independent AIR, shortlisted

2015    PRISMA Human Rights, winner

2015    Royal Photographic Society – International Print Exhibition 158, shortlisted

2015    Lugano Photo Days, finalist

2015    The Lucie Foundation Emerging Scholarship, shortlisted

2015    Guernsey Photo Festival Student Photography Prizes, finalist

Exhibitions

2015    The Koreans of Kazakhstan, Magnum Photos ‘30 Under 30’, The Photography Show, Birmingham, UK

2015    The Koreans of Kazakhstan, PRISMA Human Rights, Monastery of San Nicolo, Venice, Italy

2015    The Koreans of Kazakhstan, Projection, Angkor Photo Festival, Siem Reap, Cambodia

Publications

British Journal of Photography, July 2015

PhotoDot, August 2015

Photographic Museum of Humanity, January 2016

6Mois, May 2016

PDN Emerging Photographer, June 2016

Roads & Kingdoms, June 2016

LensCulture, August 2016

http://www.michaelvincekim.com

Location